GE891 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING  (Regulation 2017)

SYLLABUS

UNIT I ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY

Definition, scope and importance of environment – need for public awareness – concept of an ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem – producers, consumers and decomposers – energy flow in the ecosystem – ecological succession – food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – Introduction to biodiversity definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – biogeographical classification of India – value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global, national and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity – threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – endangered and endemic species of India – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. Field study of common plants, insects, birds; Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.

UNIT II ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Definition – causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards – solid waste management: causes, effects and control measures of municipal solid wastes – role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies – disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides. Field study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.

UNIT III NATURAL RESOURCES

Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies- timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water resources: Use and over- utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case studies – Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification – role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles. Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.

UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT

From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy – water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – role of non-governmental organization- environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions – climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products – environment production act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act – Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) act – Wildlife protection act – Forest conservation act – enforcement machinery involved in environmental legislation- central and state pollution control boards- Public awareness.

UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfare programme – environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV / AIDS – women and child welfare – role of information technology in environment and human health – Case studies.

Course Curriculum

UNIT-1 ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY
GE8291 CHAPTER1 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 ECOSYSTEM, TYPES OF ECOSYSTEM FREE 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF ECOSYSTEM FREE 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 ENERGY FLOW IN AN ECOSYSTEM FREE 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB FREE 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 FOREST ECOSYSTEM AND GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEM 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 DESERT ECOSYSTEM AND AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 FRESH WATER ECOSYSTEMS-POND,LAKE,RIVER ECOSYSTEM 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER2 SALT WATER ECOSYSTEM-OCEAN , ESTUARINE ECOSYSTEMS 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER3 BIODIVERSITY-SIGNIFICANCE,CLASSIFICATION,VALUES 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER3 HOTSPOT OF BIODIVERSITY IN INDIA, THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY- MAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICTS 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER3 ENDANGERED AND ENDEMIC SPECIES 00:00:00
GE8291 CHAPTER3 CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY-In-situ & Ex-situ CONSERVATION 00:00:00
UNIT 2 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
GE8291 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 AIR POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 WATER POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 SOIL POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 MARINE POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 NOISE POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 THERMAL POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 NUCLEAR HAZARDS (RADIO ACTIVE POLLUTION) 00:00:00
GE8291 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT( WASTE SHED MANAGEMENT) 00:00:00
GE8291 ROLE OF INDIVIDUAL IN PREVENTION OF POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 CASE STUDIES RELATED TO POLLUTION 00:00:00
GE8291 DISASTER MANAGEMENT-FLOOD & CYCLONE 00:00:00
GE8291 DISASTER MANAGEMENT-LANDSLIDE,EARTHQUAKES,TSUNAMI 00:00:00
UNIT3 NATURAL RESOURCES
GE8291 UNIT3 TYPES OF NATURAL RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 FOREST RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 DEFORESTATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 TIMBER EXTRACTION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT 3 DAMS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON FORESTS AND TRIBAL PEOPLE 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 WATER RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 OVER UTILIZATION OF WATER 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 FLOOD AND DROUGHT 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 CONFLICTS OVER WATER 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 BIG DAMS BENIFITS AND PROBLEMS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 MINERAL RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 FOOD RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 CHANGES CAUSED BY OVERGRAZING AND AGRICULTURE 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 ENERGY RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES -SOLAR ENERGY 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES-WIND ENERGY 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES-OCEAN ENERGY 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES-BIOMASS ENERGY 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 NUCLEAR ENERGY 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 USES OF ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 LAND RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 ROLE OF INDIVIDUAL IN CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT3 EQUITABLE USE OF RESOURCES FOR SUSTAINABLE LIFE STYLE 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT
GE8291 UNIT4 FROM UNSUSTAINABLE TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 URBAN PROBLEMS RELATED TO ENERGY 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 WATER CONSERVATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 METHODS OF WATER CONSERVATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 RESETTLEMENT AAND REHABILITATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 CLIMATE 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 GREEN HOUSE EFFECTS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ACID RAIN 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 OZONE LAYER DEPLETION 00:00:00
GE8291 GE8291 UNIT4 NUCLEAR ACCIDENTS AND HOLOCAUST 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 WASTE LAND RECLAMATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 CONSUMERISM AND WASTE PRODUCTS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION & LAWS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 WATER ACT(PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) 1974 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 AIR(PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT,1981 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 FOREST(CONSERVATION )ACT ,1980 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 WILDLIFE (PROTECTION)ACT,1972,AMENDED IN 1983,1986,1991 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ENVIRONMENT(PROTECTION) ACT,1986 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ENVIRONMENTAL AUDIT 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ISSUES INVOLVED IN ENFORCEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ROLE OF NGO IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 PUBLIC AWARENESS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT4 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT 00:00:00
UNIT-5 HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT
GE8291 UNIT5 POPULATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 POPULATION GROWTH 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 VARIATION OF POPULATION AMONG NATIONS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 POPULATION EXPLOSION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 HUMAN RIGHTS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 VALUE EDUCATION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 HIV/AIDS 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 WOMEN AND CHILD WELFARE 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION 00:00:00
GE8291 UNIT5 ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN HUMAN HEALTH 00:00:00
GE8291 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
UNIT1 ENVIRONMENT,ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY 00:00:00
UNIT2 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 00:00:00
UNIT3 NATURAL RESOURCES 00:00:00
UNIT4 SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 00:00:00
UNIT5 HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 00:00:00
GE8291 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING -SAMPLE PAPERS
SAMPLE PAPER1 00:00:00
SAMPLE PAPER2 00:00:00

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